Transferred intent means that if you intentionally perpetrate, say, a violent crime, but the victim is a person other than the one you intended to victimize, you’re still held just ask criminally liable as if you had succeeded in your original intentions. For example, if A tries to punch B in the face, but somehow instead manages to punch C in the face, A is just as guilty of assault and battery as he would have been if he’d succeeded in his original intention.
However, if A misses B and instead smashes C’s expensive vase, the doctrine of transferred intent probably won’t apply, and A will probably not be found guilty of the malicious destruction of C’s property. Instead, a civil suit may be in order. :)